Common Name: European Fan Palm
Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis
Growth Rate: Slow
Salt Tolerance: Moderate to High
Drought Tol.: High
Typical Height: 10' OA
Known for its extreme hardiness, the slow growing, rugged European Fan Palm has become popularly known for its wide adaptability to different environmental conditions.
From the mid elevation ranges of the Mediterranean region, this cold-hardy palm is often found flourishing in poor rocky soil conditions and thus is noted for being widely adaptable to a broad range of soil conditions assuming that they are well drained.
Multi-stems are one of the identifying traits of this palm. Curved and clumping with short trunks this fan palm displays a 2ft-3ft palmate shaped leaf ranging from a medium green to a silvery green color.
Being a hardier palm it can actually tolerate frost conditions down to -12°C which translates to 10°F. As long as these conditions are limited and do not persist this palm will survive.
There are many different cultivars throughout the range of species and can grow tight and compact to long and leggy. In nursery stock it is very difficult to locate any two of these palms that are exactly alike.
Normally preferring full sun conditions, this palm can also do well in partially sunlit areas. The European Fan palm is a super slow grower. Its’ max height of 10ft will take a good amount of time to reach. It can take 10-15 years to reach a height of 7 feet.
The growth will be steadier when the extreme temperatures are minimized. Extreme heat and extreme cold will slow the growth of this already slow growing palm.
This shrub like clumping palm is the only palm native to Europe.
Ideal applications for the Chamaerops humilis include exotic focal point plantings. This can be in the form of a cluster or they can be trained as a solitary trunk by pruning the pups.
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